Local Culture

About Local Culture

Andaman is a land of tradition and beauty: mesmerizing environs, picturesque beaches, spectacular coral reefs, barefoot sea walking, museums and forts enlightening the local culture and lives of the indigenous tribes, mouthwatering dishes lures travelers. In order to provide better insights about local culture, the places and beautiful moment capturing places are organized and listed to make your trip a memorable one.

Great Andamanese

The overall estimated population is about 43. Due to external contacts, most of the people suffered and lost their lives: 99 percent have been wiped out since the British first colonized the islands. The impact of tsunami, government settlements, and dependency on government aid further results in livelihood losses. They have just been moved to the islands' capital, Port Blair, as their village was badly damaged in the tsunami.

Onge

Estimated Population:100. Their forest home has been plundered by poachers and loggers. They were settled by the Indian administration and are dependent on food handouts. Tsunami impact and rise in ground level water made 73 Onge living at Dugong Creek fled to shift to high ground levels.

Jarawa

Estimated Population: 270. They are in peaceful contact with outsiders for six years. Originally from west coast of South and Middle Andaman, those people are believed to have survived the tsunami. Their lifestyle is completely independent and spend most of the time hunting, gathering and fishing to fill their stomach. The main threat to their existence comes from the highway running through their territory: the Indian government was ordered to close this by the Supreme Court in 2002, but it has ignored the order.

Sentinelese

Estimated Population: approximately 50-250. These people are the most isolated tribes with no peaceful contact with outsiders, and fire warning arrows to protect themselves and stay out of reach to external factors. Their home, Sentinel Island, made them relatively safe from tsunami, and some Sentinelese have been sighted since the disaster. They are completely self-sufficient hunter-gatherers.

Shompen

Estimated Population: 380. Relatively isolated tribe of Great Nicobar Island, Shompen people are hunter-gatherers who have some, limited, contact with outsiders. Overflights of their territory suggest their forest has been little damaged, raising hopes that the tribe has survived more or less intact.

Nicobarese

Estimated Population: 30,000. Most of the Nicobarese people are horticulturalists. Converted their religion to Christianity and are much more assimilated than the other Andaman and Nicobar tribes, but still follows their own distinct culture. These people are also suffered from Tsunami impact. All 12 villages on one island, Car Nicobar, have been washed away, and many are feared dead.